Russian pronouns are words used to replace other nouns or pronouns for the purpose of simplifying a sentence and avoiding repitition. In English, common examples of pronouns are "he/she", "me", "you", "they", "it", and many more.
To illustrate the use of pronouns, look at the sentence below:
John went to John's backyard to feed John's dog.
With the help of the pronouns in bold below, the sentence becomes one which is more likely to be heard than the above example!
John went to his backyard to feed his dog.
There are several different categories of pronouns:
1. Personal Pronouns - refer to a specific person or thing, and may take the form of a subjective personal pronoun (where the pronoun is also the subject of the sentence), an objective personal pronoun (where the pronoun is the object of the sentence), or a possessive personal pronoun (where the pronoun is an indicator of possession).
2. Interrogative Pronouns - used to ask a question.
3. Demonstrative Pronouns - identify a noun or pronoun. "This", "that", "these", and "those", are the demonstrative pronouns.
4. Relative Pronouns - used to link one phrase/clause to another. "That", "which", "who", and "whom".
5. Indefinite Pronouns - used to identify a non-specific person or thing.
6. Reflexive Pronouns - used to refer back to the subject. Eg. "myself", "himself", "herself", etc.
Listed below are the key Russian Pronouns you will need to know.