The Russian Dative Case is used to show the indirect object, or the receiver of the action.
Like all cases in the Russian language, the easiest way to determine how to use the Dative case is to ask the key questions associated with the case. So, in other words, when you are forming the sentence, first ask yourself the questions:
(1) To whom am I (or the subject) doing this? Or...
(2) To what am I (or the subject) doing this?
The answer to these questions will tell you which nouns require the Dative case. When in the Dative case, nouns drop their 'regular' endings, and are replaced by the corresponding endings shown in the table below.
The table outlines the typical endings used, as well as the relevant endings that apply to any adjectives linked to the noun. Further, we have given some specific examples highlighting the word endings so you can see how the Dative case works.